Unit VII: Cities & Urban Land Use

  • Unit VII.

    Cities and Urban Land Use

     

    Abstract:

    This unit will address the distribution of cities and reasons for this distribution.  Elements of urban models will be evaluated using case studies as well as the impact of urban growth on the creation of suburbs.  Spatial characteristics of regions will be addressed, and models of urban hierarchy will be studied.  This unit includes an urban field study project.

     

    Objectives:

    • Contrast European and North American cities: a) Central business districts b) Suburbs and suburban growth
    • Compare and contrast elements of the following urban models: a) concentric zone b) sector c) multiple-nuclei d) galactic city/edge cities
    • Describe the move of retail and industry to the suburbs.
    • Explain the growth of suburbs in terms of social, transportation, and economic changes.
    • Differentiate between three models of North American cities.
    • Compare and contrast spatial characteristics of cities in the following regions: a) Latin America b) Africa c) Southeast Asia
    • List and evaluate the problems of the inner city.
    • Explain and illustrate important models dealing with the urban hierarchy: a) central-place theory b) rank-size rule and primate cities

     

    Focus Questions:

    1.     Where have urban areas grown and why?

      1. Where are people distributed within urban areas and why?
      2. Why do inner cities have distinctive problems and how do these problems differ as well?
      3. Why do suburbs have distinctive problems and how are they different from cities?

     

                     

    Vocabulary:

     

    Cities and Urban Land Use

    Agglomeration

    Barriadas

    Bid-rent theory

    Blockbusting

    CBD (central business district)

    Census tract

    Centrality

    Centralization

    Central-place theory

    Christaller, Walter

    City

    Cityscapes

    Colonial city

    Commercialization

    Commuter zone

    Concentric zone model

    Counterurbanization

    Decentralization

    Deindustrialization

    Early cities

    Economic base (basic/nonbasic)

    Edge city

    Emerging cities

    Employment structure

    Entrepôt

    Ethnic neighborhood

    Favela

    Female-headed household

    Festival landscape

    Gateway city

    Gender

    Gentrification

    Ghetto

    Globalization

    Great cities

    High-tech corridors

    Hinterland

    Hydraulic civilization

    Indigenous city

    In-filling

    Informal sector

    Infrastructure

    Inner city

    Invasion and succession

    Lateral commuting

    Medieval cities

    Megacities

    Megalopolis/conurbation

    Metropolitan area

    Multiple nuclei model

    Multiplier effect

    Neighborhood

    Office park

    Peak land value intersection

    Planned communities

    Postindustrial city

    Postmodern urban landscape

    Primate city

    Racial steering

    Rank-size rule

    Redlining

    Restrictive covenants

    Sector model

    Segregation

    Settlement form (nucleated, dispersed, elongated)

    Shopping mall

    Site/situation

    Slum

    Social structure

    Specialization

    Squatter settlement

    Street pattern (grid, dendritic; access, control)

    Suburb

    Suburbanization

    Symbolic landscape

    Tenement

    Threshold/range

    Town

    Underclass

    Underemployment

    Urban growth rate

    Urban function

    Urban hearth area

    Urban heat island

    Urban hierarchy

    Urban hydrology

    Urban morphology

    Urbanization

    Urbanized population

    World city

    Zone in transition

    Zoning

     

     

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