Unit VI: Industrialization & Economic Development

  • Unit 6

    Industrialization and Economic Development

     

    Abstract:

    This unit evaluates the impact of the Industrial revolution and industrialization on economic development.  The factors for industrialization will be assessed.  Students will analyze the distribution of industrialization throughout the world and evaluate the problems associated with industrialization.

     

    Objectives:

    • Explain the Industrial Revolution by:     a) describing its origin  b) describing its diffusion and current pattern of industrial regions
    • Map regional manufacturing zones in each continent and identify the following for each: a) origin and resources b) current strengths and/or problems
    • Compare and contrast preindustrial, industrial, and postindustrial life and landscape.
    • Describe how site and situation factors influence the location of manufacturing and give examples.
    • Discuss the problems created by or associated with industrialization in: a) developed countries b) developing countries
    • Make graphic models that describe the inputs and connections of various industries.

     

    Focus Questions

      1. Where did industry originate and what factors led to the growth of industry?
      2. Where is industry distributed and why?
      3. Why do industries have different distributions?
      4. Why do industries have problems and what problems do they cause?
      5. What is the environmental and cultural impact of industry?
      6. Where did services originate?
      7. Why are consumer services distributed in a regular pattern?
      8. Why do business services locate in large settlements?
      9. Why do services cluster downtown?

     

    Vocabulary:

    Development


    Agricultural labor force

    Calorie consumption

    Core-periphery model

    Cultural convergence

    Dependency theory

    Development

    Energy consumption

    Foreign direct investment

    Gender

    Gross domestic product (GDP)

    Gross national product (GNP)

    Human Development Index

    Levels of development

    Measures of development

    Neocolonialism

    Physical Quality of Life Index

    Purchasing power parity

    Rostow, W. W.

    “Stages of Growth” model

    Technology gap

    Technology transfer

    Third World

    World Systems Theory


     

     

    Industrialization


    Acid rain

    Agglomeration

    Agglomeration economies

    Air pollution

    Aluminum industry (factors of production, location)

    Assembly line production/Fordism

    Bid rent theory Break-of-bulk point

    Canadian industrial heartland

    Carrier efficiency

    Comparative advantage

    Cumulative causation

    Deglomeration

    Deindustrialization

    Economic sectors

    Economies of scale

    Ecotourism

    Energy resources

    Entrepôt

    Export processing zone

    Fixed costs

    Footloose industry

    Four Tigers

    Greenhouse effect

    Growth poles

    Heartland/rimland

    Industrial location theory

    Industrial regions (place, fuel source, characteristics)

    Industrial Revolution

    Industry (receding, growing)

    Infrastructure

    International division of labor

    Labor-intensive

    Least-cost location

    Major manufacturing regions

    Manufacturing exports

    Manufacturing/warehouse location (industrial parks, agglomeration, shared services, zoning, transportation, taxes, environmental considerations)

    Maquiladora

    Market orientation

    Multiplier effect

    NAFTA

    Outsourcing

    Ozone depletion

    Plant location (supplies, “just in time” delivery)

    Postindustrial

    Refrigeration

    Resource crisis

    Resource orientation

    Special economic zones (China)

    Specialized economic zones

    Substitution principle

    Threshold/range

    Time-space compression

    Topocide

    Trade (complementarity)

    Transnational corporation

    Ubiquitous

    Variable costs

    Weber, Alfred

    Weight-gaining

    Weight-losing

    World cities



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