Unit V: Agriculture and Rural Land Use

  • Unit V. 

    Agricultural and Rural Land Use

     

    Abstract:

    This unit focuses on how people utilize the land for agricultural purposes.  Students will evaluate levels of development in nations and analyze why these different levels exist.  An analysis of the evolution of agricultural practices and origin and identification of various hearths will be studied.  The distribution of settlements will also be evaluated.

     

    Objectives:

    • Use examples of human welfare indicators to distinguish between relatively developed and less developed countries.
    • Use examples of economic indicators to classify countries as less developed or relatively developed.
    • Draw the Brandt line on a world or regional map.
    • Compare and contrast different theories and models of economic development and the relationship between less developed and relatively developed countries.
    • Provide examples of the different sectors of a country’s economy and explain the economic relationship between them.
    • Explain how agriculture originated and identify its various hearths.
    • Describe the evolution of agricultural practices from their first use until today.
    • a)Neolithic Revolution
    • b)Second Agricultural Revolution
    • c)Green Revolution and biotechnology
    • Consider how each of the following correlates with specific agricultural regions: a) climate b) terrain c) culture d) situation with regard to world markets
    • Describe and apply the von Thünen model to both small- and large-scale situations.
    • Identify the predominant agricultural practices associated with various regions of the world.
    • Use agricultural practice to differentiate between less developed and relatively developed countries.
    • Compare and contrast different types of rural landscapes and
    • Settlements:  a) linear villages b) cluster villages c) dispersed settlements

     

    Focus Questions:

      1. Why does development vary among countries?
      2. Where are more and less developed countries distributed and why?
      3. Where does level of development vary by gender and what causes this variation?
      4. Why do less developed countries face obstacles to development and how can they overcome these obstacles?
      5. Where did agriculture originate and why?
      6. Where are agricultural regions in less developed countries?
      7. Where are agricultural regions in more developed countries; what is the difference and why?
      8. Why do farmers face economic difficulties?

     

    Vocabulary:


    Agricultural and Rural Land Use

    Adaptive strategies

    Agrarian

    Agribusiness

    Agricultural industrialization

    Agricultural landscape

    Agricultural location model

    Agricultural origins

    Agriculture

    Animal domestication

    Aquaculture

    Biorevolution

    Biotechnology

    Collective farm

    Commercial agriculture (intensive, extensive)

    Core/periphery

    Crop rotation

    Cultivation regions

    Dairying

    Debt-for-nature swap

    Diffusion

    Double cropping

    Economic activity (primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary, quinary)

    Environmental modification (pesticides, soil erosion, desertification)

    Extensive subsistence agriculture (shifting cultivation [slash-and- burn, milpa, swidden], nomadic herding/pastoralism)

    Extractive industry

    Farm crisis

    Farming

    Feedlot

    First agricultural revolution

    Fishing

    Food chain

    Forestry

    Globalized agriculture

    Green revolution

    Growing season

    Hunting and gathering

    Intensive subsistence agriculture

    Intertillage

    Livestock ranching

    Market gardening

    Mediterranean agriculture

    Mineral fuels

    Mining

    Planned economy

    Plant domestication

    Plantation agriculture

    Renewable/nonrenewable

    Rural settlement (dispersed, nucleated, building material, village form)

    Sauer, Carl O.

    Second agricultural revolution

    Specialization

    Staple grains

    Suitcase farm

    Survey patterns (long lots, metes and bounds, township-and-range)

    Sustainable yield

    Third agricultural revolution (mechanization, chemical farming, food manufacturing)

    “Tragedy of the commons”

    Transhumance

    Truck farm

    Von Thünen, Johann Heinrich

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