Unit IV: Political Organization of Space

  • Unit IV

    Political Organization of Space

     

    Abstract:

    This unit focuses on the political organization of the world; how regions are defined and identified, case studies of political conflicts, the rise of nations, states and nation-states.  Also evaluated will be the problems faced by stateless nations and multinational states.  Additionally the impact of colonialism and imperialism will be analyzed.

     

    Objectives:

    • Describe the distribution of major ethnicities within the United States:                  a) identify states/regions in which they are clustered b) identify regions in which they are mostly absent c) provide reasons for the present distribution
    • Examine case studies of ethnic conflicts from different regions.
    • Consider ways in which gender-related issues are expressed spatially, particularly: a) economic roles and activity b) health and reproduction c) level of education
    • Discuss various nation-state configurations and illustrate them with examples: a) nation-state b) part-nation state c) multinational state d) stateless nation
    • Explain the concept of state by: a) identifying necessary qualifications and characteristics b) listing examples of states in various regions c) describing quasi-states
    • Describe the problems of multinational states and stateless nations.
    • List advantages and disadvantages of different types of boundaries and provide real-world examples of: a) natural/physical boundaries b) cultural boundaries c) geometric boundaries
    • List advantages and disadvantages of different shapes of states and provide examples.
    • Discuss the concepts of imperialism and colonialism and illustrate some of their consequences on the contemporary political map.
    • Define irredentism and devolution and illustrate with examples.
    • Summarize the history of the United Nations and identify issues of current importance regarding it.

     

    Focus Questions:

    1. Where are states located and why?
    2. Why do boundaries cause problems?
    3. What are the basic shapes of states and how does shape impact political conflict/stability?
    4. What are the basic types of political boundaries and how are they used to divide territory; what problems arise from this division?
    5. How are states organized from within; what are the basic organization of states within their boundaries?
    6. Why do states cooperate with each other?
    7. What types of political and military cooperation do states engage in?
    8. What forms of economic cooperation exist and how do they impact the relationship between and amongst states?
    9. What roles do states play in terrorism and terrorism play in states?
    10. Why has terrorism increased over time?
    11. Why would states support terrorism?


    Vocabulary:


    Annexation

    Antarctica

    Apartheid

    Balkanization

    Border landscape

    Boundary, disputes (definitional, locational, operational, allocational)

    Boundary, origin (antecedent, subsequent, superimposed, relic)

    Boundary, process (definition, delimitation, demarcation)

    Boundary, type (natural/physical, ethnographic/cultural, geometric)

    Buffer state

    Capital

    Centrifugal

    Centripetal

    City-state

    Colonialism

    Confederation

    Conference of Berlin (1884)

    Core/periphery

    Decolonization

    Devolution

    Domino theory

    EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)

    Electoral regions

    Enclave/exclave

    Ethnic conflict

    European Union

    Federal

    Forward capital

    Frontier

    Geopolitics

    Gerrymander

    Global commons

    Heartland/rimland

    Immigrant states

    International organization

    Iron Curtain

    Irredentism

    Israel/Palestine

    Landlocked

    Law of the Sea

    Lebanon

    Mackinder, Halford J.

    Manifest destiny

    Median-line principle

    Microstate

    Ministate

    Nation

    National iconography

    Nation-state

    Nunavut

    Raison d’être

    Reapportionment

    Regionalism

    Religious conflict

    Reunification

    Satellite state

    Self-determination

    Shatterbelt

    Sovereignty

    State

    Stateless ethnic groups

    Stateless nation

    Suffrage

    Supranationalism

    Territorial disputes

    Territorial morphology (compact, fragmented, elongated, prorupt, perforated)

    Territoriality

    Theocracy

    Treaty ports

    UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea)

    Unitary

    USSR collapse

    Women’s enfranchisement



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