Unit 2: Population and Migration
Population and Migration
This unit will investigate the spatial phenomena of diffusion of people and human characteristics on the Earth’s surface. Use of data to analyze population pyramids and generate hypothesis about aging in individual societies. Evaluate the push and pull factors of migration.
- Map major and emerging population concentrations and describe demographic characteristics of each
- Consider the concepts of ecumene and nonecumene and consider: a) Why do most people live where they do? b) For what reasons have humans historically avoided certain areas? c) Where do nonexamples of each exist? Why?
- Calculate arithmetic, agricultural, and physiological densities and describe the strengths and weaknesses of each for demographic analysis.
- Explain the elements of a population pyramid and distinguish between characteristic shapes.
- Explain the demographic transition model: a) What are its components? b) Which countries does it describe in each phase? c) Why might it not predict the future for developing countries today?
- Give examples of pro- and antinatalist policies and their effects in example countries.
- Define key demographic terms and identify regions in which high and low extreme examples of each can be found.
- Concerning natural hazards, do the following: a) list various types of natural hazards and disasters
- b) map the areas most affected by them c) compare with the map of population distribution
1. Where is the World’s Population Distributed?
2. Where Has the world’s population increased?
3. Why is population increasing at different rates in different countries?
4. Why might the world face an overpopulation problem?
5. Why do people migrate
6. Where are migrants distributed?
7. Why do Migrants face obstacles?
8. Why do people migrate within a country?
Demographic Transition model
Diffusion of fertility control
Epidemiological Transition model
Infant mortality rate
Rate of natural increase
Standard of living
Zero population growth