Unit 2: Population and Migration

  • Unit II.

    Population and Migration

     

    Abstract:

    This unit will investigate the spatial phenomena of diffusion of people and human characteristics on the Earth’s surface.  Use of data to analyze population pyramids and generate hypothesis about aging in individual societies.  Evaluate the push and pull factors of migration.


     

    Objectives:

    • Map major and emerging population concentrations and describe demographic characteristics of each
    • Consider the concepts of ecumene and nonecumene and consider: a) Why do most people live where they do? b) For what reasons have humans historically avoided certain areas? c) Where do nonexamples of each exist? Why?
    • Calculate arithmetic, agricultural, and physiological densities and describe the strengths and weaknesses of each for demographic analysis.
    • Explain the elements of a population pyramid and distinguish between characteristic shapes.
    • Explain the demographic transition model: a) What are its components? b) Which countries does it describe in each phase? c) Why might it not predict the future for developing countries today?
    • Give examples of pro- and antinatalist policies and their effects in example countries.
    • Define key demographic terms and identify regions in which high and low extreme examples of each can be found.
    • Concerning natural hazards, do the following: a) list various types of natural hazards and disasters
    • b) map the areas most affected by them c) compare with the map of population distribution

     

    Focus Questions

    1.     Where is the World’s Population Distributed?

    2.     Where Has the world’s population increased?

    3.     Why is population increasing at different rates in different countries?

    4.     Why might the world face an overpopulation problem?

    5.     Why do people migrate

    6.     Where are migrants distributed?

    7.     Why do Migrants face obstacles?

    8.     Why do people migrate within a country?

     

    Vocabulary


    Population


    Age distribution

    Carrying capacity

    Cohort

    Demographic equation

    Demographic momentum

    Demographic regions

    Demographic Transition model

    Dependency ratio

    Diffusion of fertility control

    Disease diffusion

    Doubling time

    Ecumene

    Epidemiological Transition model

    Gendered space

    Infant mortality rate

    J-curve

    Maladaptation

    Malthus, Thomas

    Mortality

    Natality

    Neo-Malthusian

    Overpopulation

    Population densities

    Population distributions

    Population explosion

    Population projection

    Population pyramid

    Rate of natural increase

    S-curve

    Sex ratio

    Standard of living

    Sustainability

    Underpopulation

    Zero population growth


     

    Migration


    Activity space

    Chain migration

    Cyclic movement

    Distance decay

    Forced

    Gravity model

    Internal migration

    Intervening opportunity

    Migration patterns

             • Intercontinental

             • Interregional

             • Rural-urban

     

    Migratory movement

    Periodic movement

    Personal space

    Place utility

    Push-pull factors

    Refugee

    Space-time prism

    Step migration

    Transhumance

    Transmigration

    Voluntary


     

     

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