Preambulatory & Operative Clauses

  • Preambulatory Clauses
    The preamble of a draft resolution states the reasons for which the committee is addressing the topic and highlights past international action on the issue. Each clause begins with a present participle (called a preambulatory phrase) and ends with a comma. Preambulatory clauses can include:

     

    • References to the UN Charter;
    • Citations of past UN resolutions or treaties on the topic under discussion;
    • Mentions of statements made by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or agency;
    • Recognition of the efforts of regional or nongovernmental organizations in dealing with the issue; and
    • General statements on the topic, its significance and its impact.

    Some Preambulatory Phrases

     

    Affirming
    Alarmed by
    Approving
    Aware of
    Bearing in mind
    Believing
    Confident
    Contemplating
    Convinced
    Declaring
    Deeply concerned
    Deeply conscious
    Deeply convinced
    Deeply disturbed
    Deeply regretting
    Desiring
    Emphasizing
    Expecting
    Expressing its appreciation
    Expressing its satisfaction
    Fulfilling
    Fully alarmed
    Fully aware
    Fully believing
    Further deploring
    Further recalling
    Guided by
    Having adopted
    Having considered
    Having considered further
    Having devoted attention
    Having examined
    Having heard
    Having received
    Having studied
    Keeping in mind
    Noting with regret
    Noting with deep concern
    Noting with satisfaction
    Noting further
    Noting with approval
    Observing
    Reaffirming
    Realizing 
    Recalling
    Recognizing
    Referring
    Seeking
    Taking into account
    Taking into consideration
    Taking note
    Viewing with appreciation
    Welcoming

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Operative Clauses

    Operative clauses identify the actions or recommendations made in a resolution. Each operative clause begins with a verb (called an operative phrase) and ends with a semicolon. Operative clauses should be organized in a logical progression, with each containing a single idea or proposal, and are always numbered. If a clause requires further explanation, bulleted lists set off by letters or roman numerals can also be used. After the last operative clause, the resolution ends in a period

    Some Operative Phrases

    Accepts
    Affirms
    Approves
    Authorizes
    Calls
    Calls upon
    Condemns
    Confirms
    Congratulates
    Considers
    Declares accordingly
    Deplores
    Designates
    Draws the attention
    Emphasizes
    Encourages
    Endorses
    Expresses its appreciation
    Expresses its hope
    Further invites
    Further proclaims
    Further reminds
    Further recommends
    Further requests
    Further resolves
    Has resolved
    Notes
    Proclaims
    Reaffirms
    Recommends
    Regrets 
    Reminds 
    Requests 
    Solemnly affirms 
    Strongly condemns
    Supports 
    Takes note of
    Transmits
    Trusts